Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws. It can also focus on modifying facial growth, known as dentofacial orthopedics. It helps in correction of crooked, malaligned teeth,proclined teeth/jaws (disproportionate jaw relationships), spaces, midline diastemas (Gaps), Impacted canines,etc.
The most common form of orthodontic treatment is divided into removable and fixed.
Metal wires are inserted into orthodontic brackets, made of stainless steel or a more esthetic material like ceramic. Nowadays clear brackets are also available which are more esthetic in appearance. Invisalign consists of clear plastic aligners that move teeth.
Plates, headgear, palatal expansion appliances, tongue crib, and many other devices may be used to move the teeth and bones.
They are used in growing patients with aim of modifying the jaw dimensions, such as palatal expansion, headgear, etc.
Habit breaking appliances:
They are used for tongue thrusting, mouth breathing, such as tongue crib, or palatal crib, etc.